Blackjack rules

blackjack rules

Erfahren Sie, wie Blackjack spielen und all seinen Varianten zu Pokerstars Casino mit unserem praktischen Leitfaden für die Regeln des Spiels. Die optimale Black Jack Strategie "Basic Strategy". blackjack strategie Die beste Black Jack Strategie um erfolgreich Blackjack zu spielen. Mit der sogenannten. The basic strategy is considered by most players to be a universal truth. Its effectiveness has been proven by mathematics, by computer simulations running .

Blackjack Rules Video

Blackjack Rules For Dummies

Blackjack rules - something

Dieser Unterschied ist jedoch praktisch völlig unerheblich, da man als Spieler ohnedies nur in wenigen Ausnahmefällen verdoppeln bzw. Wenn nun in demselben Spiel der Croupier ebenfalls die 21 Punkte überschreitet, bleibt das Spiel für den Spieler verloren und gilt nicht als unentschieden, er erhält seinen Einsatz nicht mehr zurück. Black Jack auch Blackjack ist das am meisten gespielte Karten- Glücksspiel , das in Spielbanken angeboten wird. Hat der Croupier z. Diesen Vorteilen steht ein — versteckter — Vorteil der Spielbank gegenüber. Ein Blackjack-Turnier wird im Elimination-Stil ausgetragen.

Most will not split a pair of cards worth 20 points, for example, while all will split a pair of Aces. Blackjack rules say that when your first two cards are identical, you may split them to create two different hands.

Knowing when to split your dealt hand is an important element of taking the edge away from the casino and back in your favor.

But if you do split, you increases your chances of getting two hands of Many experienced blackjack players are hesitant to split 8s when dealer is showing an 8 or higher.

The math shows that splitting 8s, all-though it puts twice the wager, will lose less over time. But the goal in blackjack is to keep your losses to a minimum by choosing the strategy that will lose less than other options.

But when you have a pair of 8s, you have a chance to increase your odds: Another popular play that could double your potential winnings—and losses—on a particular hand is the double down.

The double down allows you to double your wager after the initial bet, but you only get one more card. Many skilled players use a strict system based on statistical probability to determine the ideal times to double down.

As with splitting cards, that assessment includes what the dealer is showing off the deal, plus other cards that might already have gone into play.

The number of decks used also affects the ideal strategy for playing 21 and considering when to double down on your bet.

Many casinos play by the traditional 21 rules that were once popular on the Las Vegas Strip, which is traditionally called American 21 Or Vegas Rules.

These games are more common online and at small casinos that focus on locals. Yet, the game has many other versions with their own subtle rules changes.

This rule is not favorable to the player because doubling down with a soft is favorable in a lot of situations when playing Most countries outside the U.

That leaves an extra card in the deck for the players to get, and it could be an Ace at just the right time. They are not offered at all tables and are more common online than offline.

The only side bet that is standard at just about all tables is insurance. There are a very wide variety of blackjack side bets.

Side wagers almost universally have a much higher house edge than the game of blackjack itself and are usually not regarded as a good bet for the average player.

They can be put to use by skilled card counters in certain situations, however. No matter which types of blackjack rules your favorite land-based and online casinos use, you can adapt your game to the rules and stand a better chance of winning more often.

At a live casino , the table limits are usually posted prominently on a sign at the table. The rules may be printed on the table, or you may have to ask the dealer about them.

At brick and mortar, policy varies from property to property, but it is very common for casinos to allow players to use strategy cards.

Some properties may not want it placed on the table, however as part of a general policy of not allowing anything on the table.

Some may also ask players to put it away if other players feel it is slowing down the game too much. However, they also tend to make up for this with very poor payout rates for natural blackjacks, and also may give the dealer the win with certain types of pushes.

If you sit down and do the math, 21 variants and oddball blackjack games usually end up having a more unfavorable house edge than standard blackjack, even though the rules might seem more liberal at first.

Yes, they make a huge difference. Changing the blackjack payout to 6: No rule change at blackjack gives the house more of an advantage other than allowing the dealer to win pushes.

To the average blackjack player who is not counting cards, it makes very little difference in terms of expected return and house edge.

In addition, players can choose to Double down or Split - the meaning of these two options will be explained in some paragraphs below. The dealer plays his hand after the players have finished.

Each dealer follows strict blackjack rules when making a decision. The rule for blackjack dealers concerns a hand value of This rule means that the dealer should take a card when his hand is 16 or less and stand on 17 or higher.

The dealer wins when the player go bust or gets a hand lower than the dealer. In case the dealer wins, the player loses everything.

If the player wins, the dealer pays out even money. Blackjack pays 3 to 2. When the dealer wins the player loses all the bets with the exception of side bets made on this hand.

Hitting is asking for another cards. Players are allowed to hit as many times as he wants until he busts or has a hand of Standing is asking for no more cards.

Doubling down is asking to be dealt only one extra card and doubling the original bet. After the player Doubles down he stands automatically.

In case first two cards dealt were a pair of cards of the same value, the player may choose to split them forming two hands and thus doubling the bet.

Your chips should be in one stack. If you are betting multiple denominations of chips, place the larger valued chips on the bottom of the stack, and the smaller value chips on top.

Once the cards have been dealt, you are not allowed to touch the bet in the circle. If you need to know how much you have bet for doubling or splitting explained later , the dealer will count down the chips for you.

Once the hand is over, the dealer will move around the table to each position in turn, paying winning hands and collecting the chips from losing hands.

After the dealer has paid you, you can remove your chips from the circle, and place your next bet. If you want to let your winnings ride, you will need to form one stack of chips from the two or more stacks on the table after the dealer pays you.

Remember, higher value chips should be placed on the bottom of the stack. When you are ready to leave the table, you do not cash in your chips the same way you bought them.

The dealer cannot give you cash for the chips at the table. To do that, you must take the chips to the casino cashier.

If you have a lot of low denomination chips in front of you at the table, you should trade them for the equivalent higher value chips instead.

In between hands, just tell the dealer you want to "color up", and he will have you push your chips into the middle of the table.

He will count them down, and give you a smaller stack of chips that amount to the same value. This makes them easier to carry for you, and for the dealer it maintains his supply of smaller chips.

Now you can take those chips to another table for more play, or head to the casino cashier where you can exchange them for cash.

So, if you have made it this far, congratulations. You should have a good idea of what to expect when you sit down at a blackjack table in the casino.

What we have not talked about is how to actually make the best decisions while playing the game. That is a whole subject all its own.

To have the best chance of winning, you should learn and practice "basic strategy", which is the mathematically best way to play each hand against each possible dealer upcard.

For a free chart that shows the right play in every case, visit our Blackjack Basic Strategy Engine. If you are looking to play from the comfort of your home, you can visit our online blackjack or live dealer blackjack sections for further resources.

But if you have other questions, feel free to post a reply at the bottom of the page. Our free blackjack game lets you play at your pace, and the Strategy Coach provides instant feedback on the best strategy.

To find the best strategy, use our most popular resource: The Blackjack Strategy Engine provides free strategy charts that are optimized for your exact rules.

If you prefer a plastic card that you can take to the table with you, we have those too: Blackjack Basic Strategy Cards.

The original version of this explanation of the rules of blackjack has a very long history here at BlackjackInfo.

I created and published it here sometime in It was widely copied by other sites, and it has appeared without my permission on literally hundreds of sites over the years.

When I relaunched BlackjackInfo with a new mobile-friendly design in , I took the opportunity to write this all-new version.

Hmmm seems I have been making some bad calls for years now, I thought splitting tens against anything but an ace or 10 was a good move: If a player decides to stand on 15 for whatever reason and the dealer has 16, must the dealer still draw another card since it is less than 17?

Is there any significance in blackjack when you have a black jack paired with a black ace, same suit? The question came up on the multiple choice question on Millionaire.

I guessed 16 but the answer was 32??? In playing 21 with one deck off cards aND two people playing, in playing Blackjack with one deck of cards and two people playing what is the most black jack show up.

Ken, This may not be the most appropriate page to post this, but let me explain the situation. I aspire to hopefully gather a group of trustworthy guys together to form a blackjack team.

Team play is complicated and far more involved than a group of friends pooling resources. There is not much published on team play. The following book may be helpful.

The strategy does not change, but the player is worse off by around 0. As the dealer I get up to Can the dealer chose to stay and take the chips bet from player on the left.

But pay the player on the right? His rules are fixed. He must hit until he has 17 or higher, and then he must stand.

Even if all the players at the table have 18, the dealer must stand if he ends up with a Most casinos now deal games with an extra rule about soft This is covered in detail in the article above.

I have a question. I signed up on an online casino and I was getting ready to play blackjack for real money and I asked the live chat help person how many decks were being used and she said 24 decks.

Casinos, both online and land-based, can deal the game pretty much any way they like, including increasing the number of decks to a ridiculous 24!

Fortunately, once you get to 8 decks, the game does not get much worse for the player by adding even more decks. Eight decks is the most typically seen in brick-and-mortar casinos, but in most jurisdictions, land-based or online, there is no legal requirement for any specific number of decks.

Is there any standard in the way a dealer deals from the deck? You are describing a CSM continuous shuffle machine , where after each hand the dealer immediately puts the used cards back into the shuffler.

As you note, this eliminates the ability to count cards, or to even observe a useful bias. Since used cards can return into play immediately, the penetration is effectively zero.

These machines have spread widely. The only recourse is to see if your casino also still offers regular games either hand-shuffled, or machine-shuffled but with a normal discard tray.

If not, voice your discontent and look elsewhere. Should I be able to ask a casino to provide a copy of their rules?

I assume you are talking about online casinos. I didnt catch it at first but sure enough when I drew another card I busted. This particular game would not count both my Aces as one.

Is this ever done at a casino? Who knows what else they are doing wrong! To answer your question, no, this is never done at any casino I have visited.

Is this a good bet? What is the house percentage? Yes, there are outstanding opportunities afforded by some sidebets under some circumstances, but if you are able to figure out how to beat them, you no longer need to ask about them.

So, the answer to that question is always no. I read the following in the Casino Verite Software: Can you help me with this?

There you can find: This works because of the unbalanced nature of the count. Or do I need to count them equally? Treat them independently, and reassess after each drawn card changes the hand.

Here are some examples: You will draw each of those hands about once every hands or so. As to whether or not to double, 9,3 is a hard 12 and should certainly never be doubled.

Also against a dealer 4 in some 1 and 2 deck games. See the Strategy Engine for accurate advice for any game. I assume you are asking about accessing the charts on your smartphone in the casino.

I do not recommend that. In the US, there are laws prohibiting the use of devices in gambling. Most of these laws are based on the Nevada version, which is written in a way that it could be interpreted to mean even something as harmless as looking up a strategy.

If you want access to the strategy in the casino, get a plastic card instead. The shoe game will be easier for a visually impaired player, because both the other players and the dealer have full access to the needed information about the hands.

I have played at the table on many occasions with blind players, and the dealer has always assisted by verbally providing the details of the hand.

Awesome page, One question.. Is this a standard rule? Need to be sure which is the standard and which is the exception… Thanks.

I have seen the behavior you describe in online casinos, but I have never seen it dealt that way in any land-based casino. There, the dealer always deals a card to the first split hand, finishes that hand, and then deals a card to the second split hand and begins it.

I was in Cancun in a casino and in one hand I had 2 Aces against dealer King. I split the 2 Aces and I,ve got Queens on both aces but the dealer draw a card that was an Ace and said that he won since he had blackjack and I only had Blackjack is 21 in the first two cards, and it beats a total of 21, even the case of splitting and getting two hands that look like blackjack.

They are just 21s. But when the dealer does not take a hole card and all bets are subject to losing to a potential dealer blackjack , you should not double or split against a dealer ten or ace because of this.

Hi, can please anyone help me with an answer. Do casinos now change the deck of cards after every game or not? Because I heard lot of people saying that now it is impossible to memorise cards that are still in the game.

But I am not sure if this is due to change or because casino use so many decks at once I read above that there are 8 decks in the game.

I think what you are trying to describe are continuous shuffle machines CSMs , which allow the dealer to put the discards back into the machine immediately instead of waiting until the shuffled shoe is completed.

The use of a CSM does eliminate the ability to count cards. Fortunately, there are still plenty of games available in most areas that do not use CSMs.

The difference is that you must draw a card to your total of 9, whether you double or not. Standing is not an option. With A8 instead, you already have a completed solid hand of Basic strategy will reduce the house edge, but not eliminate it.

In typical games, your long-run expectation will be to lose around half a percent of your total action.

Yes, tipping the dealer is common. If a dealer is pleasant, I like to tip a small amount on the hand after I get blackjack, but even then I skip some hands.

It was a cool list. Despite the title, it covered many unusual rule variations. Understand the rules here, and then visit the Strategy Engine to see the appropriate plays.

Practice with the Trainer. Are you asking about a rule that pays you for having 5 cards and not busting? The free Windows software at this site will analyze these rules for you, including optimal strategy and the effect on the game.

Free BJ Combinatorial Software. Tell me about the best place to sit at a table in Vegas. I have heard that you do not want to be on the end.

If you are a basic strategy player, it makes no difference where you sit.

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A hand with an ace valued as 11 is called "soft", meaning that the hand will not bust by taking an additional card; the value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding Otherwise, the hand is "hard".

The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks. The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total 17 or more points.

At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i. Players win by not busting and having a total higher than the dealer, or not busting and having the dealer bust, or getting a blackjack without the dealer getting a blackjack.

If the player and dealer have the same total not counting blackjacks , this is called a "push", and the player typically does not win or lose money on that hand.

Otherwise, the dealer wins. Blackjack has many rule variations. Since the s, blackjack has been a high-profile target of advantage players , particularly card counters , who track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.

Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including Spanish 21 and pontoon. The first written reference is found in a book by the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes , most famous for writing Don Quixote.

Cervantes was a gambler , and the main characters of his tale " Rinconete y Cortadillo ", from Novelas Ejemplares , are a couple of cheats working in Seville.

They are proficient at cheating at veintiuna Spanish for twenty-one , and state that the object of the game is to reach 21 points without going over and that the ace values 1 or The game is played with the Spanish baraja deck.

This short story was written between and , implying that ventiuna was played in Castile since the beginning of the 17th century or earlier.

Later references to this game are found in France and Spain. This hand was called a "blackjack", and the name stuck to the game even though the ten-to-one bonus was soon withdrawn.

In the modern game, a blackjack refers to any hand of an ace plus a ten or face card regardless of suits or colors. The first scientific and mathematically sound attempt to devise an optimal blackjack playing strategy was revealed in September This paper would become the foundation of all future sound efforts to beat the game of blackjack.

At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table. Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together.

At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play. That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting.

The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".

Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.

Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players. Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card.

On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card , "stand" end their turn , "double" double wager, take a single card and finish , "split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.

If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit. The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders.

If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win. If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties.

In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Wins are paid out at 1: Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than 3: After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: Each option has a corresponding hand signal.

Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender". Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", a person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass.

The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.

The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.

Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table.

When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.

Insurance is a side bet that the dealer has blackjack and is treated independently of the main wager. It is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against the possibility of a dealer blackjack by making a maximum "insurance" bet, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will make up for the concomitant loss on the original bet.

The player may add up to half the value of their original bet to the insurance and these extra chips are placed on a portion of the table usually marked "Insurance pays 2 to 1".

Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have blackjack less than one-third of the time.

Furthermore, the insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a chance of one in three of being a ten.

Advantage play techniques can sometimes identify such situations. In a multi-hand, face-up, single deck game, it is possible to establish whether insurance is a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table after the deal; even if there are just 2 player hands exposed, and neither of their two initial cards is a ten, then 16 in 47 of the remaining cards are tens, which is larger than 1 in 3, so insurance is a profitable bet.

This is an elementary example of the family of advantage play techniques known as card counting. The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.

The rules of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation that casino staff will provide them on request.

Any game offering a reduced payout on Blackjack should be avoided by players. The maximum number of hands that can be created by splitting depends on the rules in the casino: When splitting 10 value cards, not all casinos will allow players to split non-matching 10 cards.

For instance, in some casinos you could split two Jacks but could not split a King and a Jack. Also, some casinos will limit which card ranks can be split.

House rules will dictate whether the player is allowed to Double after splitting, and whether a player who splits Aces is allowed to receive more than one additional card on a hand.

A few casinos may offer Early Surrender in which the player can take back half of their bet and give up their hand before the dealer checks for Blackjack.

This is very rare nowadays. In European style games There is normally no Surrender option. If Surrender were offered it would of course have to be Early Surrender.

The side rule is rarely offered. Blackjack can be played at home, rather than in a casino. In this case a fancy Blackjack table is not needed: Unless the players have agreed in advance that the host should deal throughout, to ensure a fair game the participants should take turns to be the dealer.

The turn to deal can pass to the next player in clockwise order after every hand or every five hands or whatever the players agree.

If playing with a single deck of cards, it is desirable to re-shuffle the cards after every hand. Nightclubs and pubs in Sweden often offer a Blackjack variant that is less favourable to the players.

All the essential rules are the same as in the casino version unless the player and dealer have an equal total of 17, 18 or First and foremost, as a general rule the player should never take Insurance.

Unless using an advanced and mathematically proven strategy that will alert the player to the rare situations in which Insurance is worthwhile, it should be avoided as a bad bet for the player.

Next, it should be understood that every possible combination of player hands and dealer up card has a mathematically correct play.

These can be summarized in what is known as a Basic Strategy table. However, certain plays in the table need to be modified according to the specific combination of rules in force.

To be sure of playing correctly, it is necessary to generate a Basic Strategy table for the specific rules of the game being played.

Various tools are available online to do this. We would recommend this Blackjack Basic Strategy Calculator. It should be noted that even playing perfect Basic Strategy for the rule set in play, the player will still usually be at a disadvantage.

Card Counting provides the player a mathematically provable opportunity to gain an advantage over the house.

It must be understood that this does not guarantee that the player will win. Just as a regular player may win though good luck despite playing at a disadvantage, it is perfectly possible for the Card Counter to lose through an extended period of bad luck even though playing with a small advantage over the House.

The basic premise of Card Counting is that mathematically speaking, low cards on average are beneficial to the dealer while high cards favour the player.

There are many subtle reasons for this but the most significant are:. So the Card Counter looks for times when there are more high cards left to be played than a regular deck would have.

Rather than trying to remember each card that has been played, the Card Counter will usually use a ratio system that offsets cards that are good for the player against cards that are good for the dealer.

The most commonly used Card Counting system is the HiLo count , which values cards as follows:. To keep track the player starts at zero, adds one to the total every time a low card is played and subtracts one from the total when a high card is played.

It may seem counter-intuitive to subtract one for high value cards that are good for the player, but a high card that has been played is one less high card that is left to be played.

Where the Running Count is positive the player knows that there are more player favourable cards remaining to be played. When kept correctly the Running Count will start at 0 and, if all the cards were to be played out, would end at 0.

This is because there are an equal number of high cards and low cards. Card Counting systems are generally not impeded by the addition of multiple decks to the game.

At any rate multiple decks do not make it significantly more difficult for the Card Counter to keep track of the Running Count, since the Card Counter only needs to keep track of a single number, the Running Count.

However many decks are used, the count begins at zero and would end at zero if there were no cards left, so no changes need to be made to the counting process.

Where multiple decks do make a difference is in how much impact a positive Running Count has to the player advantage. If there are 5 decks remaining to be played there are only 2 extra player favourable cards in each deck.

To estimate the strength of the player advantage the Running count therefore needs to be divided by the number of decks remaining to be played.

This figure is called the True Count. With the True Count the player has a consistent measure of how many extra player favourable cards are contained within the cards remaining to be dealt.

The player can use this information to vary their bet and playing strategy. Deviations from Basic Strategy are far less important than placing big bets when the True Count is high and low bets or preferably nothing when the True count is low or negative.

It is important to note that sizing your bet correctly is critical to your long term success as a card counter. This requires substantial additional knowledge that is beyond the scope of this article.

Instead we refer interested readers to the books listed below for an insight into this complex aspect of card counting. While Card Counting is legal in most jurisdictions, for obvious reasons casinos do not like players that can consistently beat them.

They therefore employ counter measures and any players they identify as Card Counters will be asked to leave the casino. The most common method used to identify Card Counters is to watch for a large bet spread difference between the minimum and maximum bet a player uses and to see whether large bets correlate with player favourable counts.

After the player Doubles down he stands automatically. In case first two cards dealt were a pair of cards of the same value, the player may choose to split them forming two hands and thus doubling the bet.

After this the player decides how to play each hand separately as the dealer deals the second card. For more advice on how to play blackjack pairs and split consult the blackjack strategy for splitting pairs.

Besides the basic blackjack options described above the players are offered extra blackjack options which include: Insurance bet, Even Money bet and Surrender option.

The first ones, Insurance and Even Money, are found in all blackjack games, whereas Surrender is very rarely found in casinos.

Insurance is an extra bet offered when the dealer shows an Ace. This bet costs half of the original bet and protects player in case the dealer has a Natural.

After the Insurance bet has been taken or passed, the dealer checks his Hole card. If the dealer has a Natural, the players loses the original bet and the insurance bets win 2-to If the dealer does not have a Natural, the Insurance bets are lost and the players keep on playing their hands.

In case the player has a Natural Blackjack and the dealer up card is an Ace, the player is offered an Even Money bet. This bet protects player from a push in case the dealer also has Blackjack.

This bet equals half of the original bet as the Insurance and if the dealer has Blackjack, the player gets their initial bet back and gets the Even Money bet 2 to 1.

The surrender option is not found in many casinos, though this does not mean it cannot be found.

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